On April 13, 1861, Major Robert Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter to the Confederate Army. He lowered the Flag and took it with him.
During the War, three more states (Kansas, West Virginia and Nevada) were admitted to the Union.
In opposition of Virginia’s secession, the people of western Virginia formed their own government in Wheeling. In 1862, President Lincoln approved statehood for West Virginia with the caveat that abolition of slavery be written into the state’s constitution.
Four years after the surrender of Fort Sumter, General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses Grant in Appomattox, VA ending the Civil War on April 9, 1865. Five days later, Anderson raised the same Flag over Fort Sumter, bringing closure to the War. President Lincoln elected not to come to the Fort for the celebration, instead going to a performance at Ford Theater in Washington, DC. Just hours after the Flag was raised at Sumter, John Wilkes Booth aimed his pistol at President Lincoln and pulled the trigger.